Head from an antefix














Head from an antefix
Date: c. 500 B.C.
Dimensions: Overall: 9 x 5 5/8 x 5 3/16 in. (22.86 x 14.3 x 13.18 cm)
Medium: Terracotta
Credit Line: Lent by the Republic of Italy
Culture: Italy: Etruscan
Object Number: 135.2012.1
Deaccession Criteria: Restitution/Returned to rightful owner: the work has been legally requested for restitution.

Giacomo Medici is a former antiquities dealer based in Rome, Italy, and Geneva, Switzerland, who was found guilty of receiving stolen goods, illegal export of goods, and conspiracy to traffic by the Italian government and sentenced to ten years in prison and a €10 million fine. In 1995 the Carabinieri, in concert with Swiss police, raided Medici’s storage space in Geneva, which contained thousands of objects, photographs (including many Polaroids), and documents relating to his business practices and connections. Along with Gianfranco Becchina, he has been identified by the Carabinieri as one of the most prolific known traffickers of Italian cultural heritage.

London-based antiquities dealer Robin Symes is also accused of playing a pivotal role in the illegal trade of looted antiquities. He is known to have commercial relations with dealer Giacomo Medici, who was the ultimate source of the artifacts. Prior to the Medici conviction, Robin Symes had been involved in a civil court case, and in January 2005 he was sentenced to two years in prison for contempt of court for not fully disclosing his assets.


PROVENANCE SUPPLIED: Henri Jacques, Geneva


  • Bromberg, Anne. Gods, Men, and Heroes: Ancient Art at the Dallas Museum of Art. Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1996, cat.29, pp. 57, 74–75, 81.


  • DMA collection galleries, December 1989–September 2009
  • All the World’s a Stage: Celebrating Performance in the Visual Arts, August 30, 2009–February 28, 2010
  • DMA collection galleries, March 18, 2010–present

PROPOSED METHOD OF DISPOSAL: Long-term loan to DMA, if approved by Italian government; eventual return to Italy

CRITERIA FOR DEACCESSIONING: A request from the Italian government for restitution, with compelling evidence, including photographs, that object was looted and/or illegally exported

Evidence including a Polaroid seized by the Carabinieri in Geneva at Medici’s Port Franc